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His carefully crafted tour takes you around the city. But it builds steadily to what is clearly, for him, the grand finale. And indeed, what Ibrahim most wants you to see is a marvel: the Monument to the African Renaissance.

It sits at the highest point in the city. Built by North Koreans, it is a Socialist Realist fantasy: a bare chested, muscle Yondelis (Trabectedin for Injection)- FDA man lifting a baby in one hand and squeezing a half-naked, diminutive woman with the other. Senegalese president Abdoulaye Wade commissioned the johnson peaks, and although funded by the Senegalese state, his family takes a third of all proceeds from ticket sales.

It is impossible to photograph the Monument to the African Renaissance. There is no place from which Yondelis (Trabectedin for Injection)- FDA capture its enormity or its absurdity. The foreign tourists and local schoolchildren who climb the steps of the monument cannot Yondelis (Trabectedin for Injection)- FDA positioned to give it scale.

But Ibrahim is helpful here. He points out details that give the Monument to the African Renaissance meaning. Look at the woman, he says. And look at the baby. Yondelis (Trabectedin for Injection)- FDA is pointing upward. He is pointing toward the future. He is pointing directly to New York. Ibrahim pauses for effect. And then, with an expression that is impossible to read, he says it again.

He is pointing to New York. Waste is an old topic in social theory. Trash defines the limits of the acceptable and unacceptable, and what we define as waste defines who we are. Labelling practices wasteful or polluting is the foundation of economic exclusion, the appropriation of resources, and the criminalization of populations.

Making and disposing of waste is, one might say, the foundation of both politics and capital. But what about the toxic. It seems a different order of term. A poison Yondelis (Trabectedin for Injection)- FDA matter-out-of-place, something more than the by-products of an existing order. Is there need for a term that names what cannot be reclaimed. A thing that produces nothing, that destroys Yondelis (Trabectedin for Injection)- FDA creation.

Africa may not be unique in this regard, but there does seem across the continent an imperative to name a space beyond remediation. Forces that do not simply reinforce the existing order, however unequal or unjust.

But a poison that cannot be processed with existing tools and strategies. The toxicity of slavery as an undressed wound. The toxicity of an African leadership whose cynicism is absolute. The toxicity of a politics that pits squatters and gleaners against environmentalists. The toxicity of an African Renaissance that can only be imagined as a monstrous finger pointing toward New York.

Three men paddle a canoe through the slow waters of the St. Paul River in central Liberia. It is late in the day, the farm work done. From a stick raft, they will spend the next hours diving to the river bottom, hauling gravel, panning for diamonds and gold. It is a common occupation for men in this region. In the constellation of villages that surround Bong Mine Town, there is no salaried work. The Liberian war closed the German-owned iron ore mine that gives Bong Mine its name.

Small scale agriculture provides a subsistence living but little more. So the men of the villages scratch the earth and dredge the rivers. Their tools are simple: shovels, screens, Yondelis (Trabectedin for Injection)- FDA, water, and bodies. But the work is made easier with machines that spew petrol and diesel, poisoning the river and thundering with constant, deafening sound. Mercury, when they can get it, makes the process even more efficient.

But it, too, sickens the miners and everyone around them. The iron mines also polluted and eroded the landscape, but the company town had schools and shops. The company exploited their labor, but it paid on time and provided for their basic needs.

If they needed it, they in turn had at their disposal the tools of workers everywhere: the strike, the go-slow, work-to-rule campaigns. As resource extraction industries have done across the continent, the iron journal biochemistry mine shaped the landscape of central Liberia and sculpted the social imaginary of modernity and belonging for generations of Africans laborers.



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